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SEASON 3 EPISODE 5 WITHOUT THE BOMB by Roger Parkes


'...free will is an illusion. We must manipulate man's behaviour on the pretext of ensuring his survival.'


THE STORY BRIEF

Clive Hughes, Chairman of a Pharmaceutical Co., 'lobbies' The Minister about a revolutionary contraceptive. The work of Dr. James Fulton, it is a pheremone based preparation that is marketed in the form of a lipstick since its use is confined to women.

The chemical structure of the preparation is a basic S.M.C. (strange male cycloketone) which inhibits fertility. Added to this is an excitant pheromone which achieves a scent aphrodisiac contraceptive.

Subject to tests the contraceptive, 'Joyne' is available on prescription but Hughes wants to sell 'above the counter'. Fulton is anxious that the company exploit his 'synthesis', the inspiration for which is his grave concern for the 'population time bomb'.

Quist is asked by the Minister to report on 'Joyne'. Quist is curious about the excitant pheromone which makes 'Joyne' an aphrodisiac. Is this necessary? 'Yes' replies Fulton. Without that element not only is fertility inhibited, but there is complete sexual revulsion! Fulton has a grave personal problem. He is a deeply religious man and part of him feels he has betrayed his faith. But tormented as he is, he insists this is the only answer to 'democratic' control of world population.

The Minister temporises, well-aware of the political dynamite in the controversy. His upbringing has been traditionally puritanical and emotionally he's revolted, but his intellect and ambition stay his hand while he looks for a political expedient.

The press get hold of the story, forcing the Minister's hand. Quist challenges Fulton concerning the 'aphrodisiac' and Fulton confesses that the contraceptive could be achieved excluding this, but that the process would take years and years. The population problem must be tackled now. Stafford gets wind of this and reports to the Minister.

A relieved Minister anticipates Quist's report, but Quist, stung, reverses his report to the extent of asking for more time to investigate.

(The Minister, broadcasting in the current affairs comment programme, counsels against rushing things.. 'you will see that, in a country like Britain with its fine traditions of Church and family it must clearly be in the national interest to withhold a drug of this nature until such time as it can be refined..'

In any case the Indian Government has expressed interest. 'The land of Kama Sutra' says Quist, smiling.

'We solve the population problem Quist's way' says Fulton. 'with the bomb'.


The following is based on the Rehearsal script for the story.

The story begins with the troubled doctor James Fulton, sitting on his own in the middle of the night in his living room, evidence of children's toys around him. He is a man in his early forties, His wife, a little younger than him, dressed in a night gown enters and insists he comes to bed. He is agitated, wound up, something big on his mind. He tells her to stop treating him like a child. She replies that he should stop being childish. She thinks he has been drinking. He has a big day tomorrow. 'Today! Later today! Has it ever occurred to you that this may be purgatory? ... a period of probation for what comes...' She agrees, she sees purgatory as giving you another chance. 'If you're guilty you're still facing hell's fires...' Fulton doesn't care about being damned. But to be damned because of him... 'All you're guilty of is trying to save the world!' his wife says. Only God can save the world, replies Fulton. He'll do it through people like Fulton, his wife assures him. But he is thinking of the rest of the Board. 'They've got to sell it without any half measures. It's got to be the biggest hard sell in history and if that's not a miracle, I don't know what is!' Mrs Fulton asks him if he loves her, and if that means he trusts her? He does. 'Then why don't you trust God?'

TITLES

The next day we see the cause of his anxiety. In a darkened boardroom, a slide projector is flashing up images first of a lipstick in a plain holder (over which the titles roll). This is the storyboard for an advert promoting JOYNE. 'Sex does not need selling. What does is its moral acceptance. Accordingly, our advertising will take the serious soft sell approach.' We then see a series of slides establishing a young married couple who have problems at bedtime... Fear on her side, inadequacy on his. Enter a councillor: 'a figure of the highest moral credibility...' We see a slide of a grey haired, father figure who will talk to them about the true value of sex in society. 'Its catalytic value in marriage, its role in health and normality, its potential for enhancing the quality of life...' Thanks to Joyne, it is at least possible for sex to 'shed its prior connotations of guilt and sin, fear of conception and so forth.' And we see on the next slides, the couple seem to be enjoying themselves – tastefully. As the presentation ends, the blinds are lifted and we see Jim Fulton sitting at the table, a little hungover. Clive Hughes, the company chairman and Harry Broke, the advertising manager explains that this is how he sees the area of creative strategy. Fulton hates it – it's far too prim, pious and pretentious. 'You'd think we were selling Hail Maries or something.' He doesn't even like the name of the brand. They should call it FUN – for that's what they are selling them. 'What else is an aphrodisiac contraceptive if it's not fun!' The patient chairman doesn't see that. Joyne simply contains natural pheromones, one of which acts as a mild hormone excitant.' For Fulton, this is what the public will see and use the product for. 'The excitement's revolting, and crude and morally offensive.' Hughes thinks on reflection Fulton will agree with the strategy. However, as he points out, there will be no Joyne unless they can get Ministry approval for over the counter sales. He plans to lobby the Minister over the port.

The Minister, Sir George Holroyd and his French wife, Lady Janette Holroyd are entertaining Clive Hughes with dinner. Hughes explains their new contraceptive product which they are marketing as a lipstick. The smell of the product has no effect on the male, only on the female. They had thought of marketing it as a cosmetic for men until they field tested the stuff and found that the main users were women. Lady Holroyd is not surprised and is rather taken with the idea! 'Les M'mselles Anglaise... at last they can lose their frigidity. Be sure of a, er, turn on at le moment critique.' Her husband is not amused. Hughes turns to the moral aspect, 'Since it's the girls who are affected, we're giving them the choice of when and with whom to use it.' His wife thinks it is an enchanting idea. But the Minister explains that he has to weigh the possible social benefits against the probable social abuses. 'What it boils down to is the marketing of an aphrodisiac.' The Minister isn't sure about selling this product over the counter. His wife thinks this is because the man has been left out. Men don't need it, according to Hughes's research. 'He's in a constant state of suspended rut anyway. The mere sight of a female is enough.' Wide eyed, Lady Holroyd turns to her husband and asks if this is so...

The next day the Minister is having a difficult phone call with a legal expert he is consulting concerning Joyne. Quist will deal with the biological side. 'And do forget this idea of chemicalised rape!' After he puts the phone down, he tells a waiting Quist that ever since the Oz appeal, the Chancery Division's been 'acting like a flock of hysterical spinsters.' Quist is being briefed and he too has heard of Joyne. The Minister isn't surprised since Quist has a morbid obsession with population trends. Quist defends his stance. It is the most significant problem facing mankind today. The reason for most of their pollution problems, upsurge in crime, civil disturbance, moral stress... Quist has studied the medical report on Joyne and it is safe to use, but the Minister wants a comprehensive evaluation. 'When the Puritan lobby start screaming, I want to know the answers.' Quist asks where the Minister stands on this. 'Surely you know me well enough by now?' Quist answers: 'You're a politician.'

Quist discusses Joyne with Anne in her cottage later that night. What Fulton has done is isolate a couple of pheromones, scent signals which affect hormones, which can influence libido and control fertility. 'So with this new Joyne stuff the woman's infertile, but turned on. ... A built in reward for infertility.' Quist asks her if she favours sexual permissiveness of society? That could be one result of the unrestricted sales of a scent contraceptive and stimulant. She sees permissiveness as a mass media myth. But as a psychiatrist, she would approve. 'In fact, bully for anything that challenges the repressive old Judaeo-Christian ethic that fun-sex is sinful.' She works at a Marital Aid Clinic and sees a lot of people who are ill because of repressed sexual impulse. Quist would like Anne to use Joyne in some of her cases. The Management committee are just as hot on birth control techniques as the Family Planning people. 'This one'll knock 'em over.'

Fulton explains some of the earlier tests to Quist in his office. 'The smegma element proved to be a strong canine attractant. It was nothing to see our lab girls going down the street escorted by half a dozen hopeful hounds.' Quist sees his achievement as a brilliant piece of bio-chemical synthesis. What sustained Fulton in his work was 1843 – the year they perfected the vulcanisation of rubber for contraceptives. He also hopes, like Quist, for the Pope to revoke his encyclical – his ruling against birth control. Quist isn't totally convinced – why the hormone stimulant? 'Why weren't you satisfied with simply isolating the fertility inhibitor? Why did you have to tart it up with the erotogenic element?' Fulton, who is desperately concerned with the exploding population, explains that he tried. Initially, there was a snag – their tests showed that they could inhibit fertility but it turned the women off. They had to put the sugar back on the pill. Quist wonders why they didn't vary the concentration rather than over-do the sugar. Fulton flares up. He hates the aphrodisiac aspect. 'But we must have voluntary acceptance of birth control.' Quist is suspicious of the strength of this outburst.

Anne Tarrant is seeing a young couple, the Harleys, about their sexual problems. In this case it is a simple problem of arousal. Quite a common difficulty. They have developed a mutual anxiety and this has lead to his premature ejaculation and her frigidity. She praises them for coming to talk about it. Their doctors tried them on tranquillisers, but Anne suggests using Joyne, and explains the science behind natural pheromones. 'Scent which all animals make to affect the behaviour of their mate. This is simply a synthesis of the human variety.' They will have to sign a release form in case of problems but as she explains she notices the wife is about to sniff the lipstick and advises her to wait until they get home... She grins.

'It's downright disgusting!; declares Colin Bradley. He sees sexual permissiveness encouraged by Joyne amongst the young as gateways for assault and gonorrhoea. He uses an example of a 'long haired lout half naked and drugged out of his senses...' This is the neighbour's son. Barbara Mason is quietly amused. She has been using Joyne. It has helped her give up smoking because her sense of smell has become very precious to her.

Quist hands over some preliminary findings to the Minister. There's another week of evaluation to go. 'I hear you've been skulking round the gates of a finishing school in Hampstead, Joyning with the debs.' 'Solely in the interest of science,' rejoins Quist. The report doesn't tackle the young as much as the Minister likes: they're the ones who are going to abuse Joyne. There is some data from university students. The girls tend to take the initiative. 'Simply accelerating their wretched Unisex trend in fact?' 'Completing the cycle. Not to mention the triumph for Women's Lib.' The 'phone rings and the Minister sorts out interviews for the TV people after he sees the PM. Joyne moves into the public domain today...

Rather excited reporters are attending a press conference in the Joyne board room hosted by Clive Hughes. He is selling Joyne as a female accoutrement, hence the decision to market it in lip stick form. The TV reporter asks why Joyne should be treated differently from the contraceptive pill which is prescription only? Fulton explains that the scent pheromone action is psychological, a form of perfume unlike the oral pill. A reporter tries to see side effects on the long term. 'You expose people to a drug. It is not a natural thing.' What could be more natural, argue Fulton, than a scent pheromone? They've boosted it so that people can respond to it again. He doesn't want to talk too much about himself. But he feels his work could make a big difference to mankind's future. He is too embarrassed to accept the idea that he is a salvationist. But there will be those who see him in a rather different light: compared to the Marquis de Sade or pornography merchants. The female reporter asks him if he has a family. Does he know what this invention will mean for them?

Fulton's daughter has been reading the newspaper coverage. Mandy asks him about it and tells him what a teacher, Sister Mary John at school told her – that it's a death blow to love. He tries to explain that it will make it easier for people to love each other. Remove a source of great worry. 'Love comes from god, you know that don't you?' It will remove the anxiety of unwanted children, help reduce population. Mandy has heard him speak of this issue before. Mandy hopes that Sister Mary John will leave her alone, silly old bag. As she runs off, he complains to his wife, 'I tell them one thing, the schools another.' The wife hopes that the children will make up their own minds if they are taught that nobody's wholly right. 'What about the infallibility of the Pope?' Saved by the bell – the phone rings, probably another journalist. He wants it ignored. His wife wants to help him in his dilemma. He prays, but that's not enough, he can't hear the answers. She puts the blame on technological progress. Mandy comes in and tells her that he is on the television! The 'phone rings again. 'If it's the press again, what do I tell them? That we're a happy family with six children?' Fulton wants to tell them the truth.

A film, introduced by Roger Halls, is shown of emotive scenes of over crowding, starving people, jammed motorways, a tanker discharging effluent, the smog over a major city, The voice over belonging to a commentator reports that each American born in fifty times more of a burden on the environment than each Indian. Tax laws encourage the squandering of raw materials, the western pride in growth comparable to a cancer patient preoccupation with his expanding tumour... Halls then interviews the Minister. Why are recommendations consistently shelved from those advocating population limits in this country? The Minister barely has a chance to answer before the commentator talks over another emotive series of slides. The issue that we are a densely populated country that has to import most of its food, and that we have eight times more people per square mile than the Americans. The minister gets a word in edgeways. 'You talk of restraints. Would you have us cure the basic human right to reproduce?' Joyne is discussed, promoted by its inventor as a potential solution. The Fultons watch as the Minister explains the controversial addition to Joyne and its implications need to be studied. 'Another select committee? Another saga of shelved reports and recommendations?' sneers Halls. Fulton reacts to this. The Minister explains that Dr Spencer Quist is investigating and expects to have his conclusions available within a few days. And Doomwatch's conclusions will form the basis of whatever action we decide is necessary for the public good.

At the Doomwatch lab, Anne finds herself drawn into an argument with Colin Bradley, whilst Quist refuses to get involved. Bradley would rather Joyne be restricted to medical prescription but Anne saus there's no ingestion of chemicals. 'You might as well put insect repellents on prescription. Or Chanel Number Five.' Bradley sees Joyne as a seduction drug and wants it kept away from kids. He's heard Anne talk about Victorian sexual repression. 'To hear you talk, you'd think Christian morality was a – a disease.' She blames it for the amount of psychotic illnesses she has seen not to mention pornography, perversion... Joyne is not pornographic. If it can restore sex to its natural role 'of good wholesome fun as a reinforcement to pair bonding.' She sees sex as a glue to human relationships and it has been cheapened with concepts of sin and guilt. Bradley is still concerned about the kids. Anne thinks that innocence stands a chance at last once sex is accepted as a natural wholesome aspect of human behaviour. Bradley replies frostily that doesn't mean the likes of him – squares, if you like are ready for the sexual utopia!

Meanwhile, Stafford is briefing the Minister on the background of Dr. Fulton. Very little to say, if the Minister wants him nobbled, as Stafford puts it. The Minister hopes it won't come to anything as crude as that... He just wants his integrity rating checked. Stafford says the man is impeccable – he could have had Joyne ready years ago if it wasn't for his double checking for possible side effects. He is politically dormant, financially self-reliant, happily married and had a vasectomy! He was brought up a strict Roman Catholic and has two natural children and four adopted ones, two of them are coloured. The Minister sees him as a man of considerable social conscience.

In bed, the Fultons are discussing if the aphrodisiac element is essential, as tyrannical as the other short cuts: legislation, a child permit... His wife doesn't see his concerns. There is a choice involved. She remembers when sweet rationing came to an end after the war. The shop sold out – her dad explained it was because people were greedy, buying more than they need. It didn't take long for people to settle down, return to normal. He questions what is normal. That does it, the wife goes and fetches a couple of sleeping pills for both of them.

The Minister talks to his wife about Fulton, a dedicated man, with a touch of the fanative about him. Lady Holyroyd becomes concerned – is he going to stop Joyne being sold over the counter? There will be pressure from the establishment, defenders of the status quo. 'Perhaps, even from you, George. As a man. A man for whom sex is... an embarrassment.' It seems sex has never been the strongest part of their relationship, has never worked for them. She is not complaining. 'The time for that would have been many years ago. In every other way our marriage is exceptionally... compatible.' He gets a little cross. He admits he chose to channel his energies into his career, a choice with which she concurred. And by implication, now, she makes him out as some sort of freak. Not normal. 'Because of my embarrassment, I'm capable of prejudice over this Joyne stuff... Capable of condemning something of possible benefit to mankind.' Lady Holroyd doesn't think he would. But with all his gifts, she would rather he benefit mankind as Prime Minister rather than as Secretary of State. So does he, and a Prime Minister's image must be spotless. 'But not necessarily lifeless,' he replies, kissing her hand.

Quist is discussing the finished report with Fulton. 'You lied.' Joyne could be as effective without the aphrodisiac, the sugar on the pill. Fulton says it is essential. Straight contraception, legalised abortion, isn't enough. They must have voluntary acceptance of contraception. 'Incentives...' muses Quist, 'Conditioned responses like Pavlov's dogs. In effect you're saying that free will is an illusion. We must manipulate man's behaviour on the pretext of ensuring his survival.' And this manipulation might violate his essential humanity? Fulton loses his patience. What is Quist's solution to the population problem? He reminds him of the Manhattan Project. 'You sit there condemning a mild hormone stimulant as... a violation of man's essential humanity ... talking as though I was some sort of fiendish crank. Can't you see all I want is an alternative to mass annihilation? A way of doing it without the bomb?'

Quist tells Anne that night that Fulton wants him to suppress their findings. Anne is shocked despite her support for Joyne. You can't endorse a false premise. Quist seems to be fine with the idea but Anne warns him of one action like this and his department's reputation for integrity would be ruined. Someone would leak it, if not Colin or Stafford, other cross checkers would discover it. Quist doesn't think that's the point. Take away the incentive, the sugar, the excitant, what have you got left is another contraceptive. So what?

Fulton and his wife discuss the matter. He is relieved that Quist knows. It won't stop him, he'll just go on. 'Quist' a humanist but he's just as bothered as I am.... There's no moral hang up about hygiene and medicine but they've given us the ability to multiply to destruction. The bomb's also given us the means of self destruction. Science and technology are pushing back further and further the frontiers of knowledge and threatening the very existence of mankind.' A thought occurs to him. 'What if the mythology's a bit distorted? What if original sin's nothing to do with sex? Man ate from the tree of knowledge, didn't he?'

The Minister is delighted to hear that Fulton has cooked up the research – the aphrodisiac is not essential to the contraceptive. Quist is suspicious. Stafford must have told him. Quist pretends that there has been a snag in the report, a computer fault. Everything is going to need cross checking. So could that mean the hormone stimulant could be an essential ingredient after all? Quist gets angry: he sees this as a perfect let out for the Minister. But the Minister defends himself – he sees Joyne as a responsible means of stabilising the population. Quist begins to walk out but is stopped. There has been interest in Joyne expressed by the government of India.

The Minister is back on the television giving a Ministerial broadcast. He is talking about under developed countries with a burgeoning population problem and need radical new methods of birth control.. He tells the people that he does not think Britain has a problem with unsustainability, and refuses a policy of restraint. It can only mean totalitarianism. 'If we cannot limit our numbers without the methods of slave owners, Hitlers or Stalins it would surely be better not to limit them at all. For surely such methods will bring far more misery to mankind than over over-strained environment....' He proposes to withhold a drug of this nature until such time it can be refined.

Fulton has been watching this and looks as a cylinder of Joyne. 'Vicious totalitarianism.' His wife is full of sympathy. Fulton says, 'Let's pray that it's not Quist's way.' 'What's that?' 'With the Bomb.'

Bradley enters Quist's office to get some papers from the filing cabinet and manages to catch Quist's eye. 'Well, at least it looks like the Indians might go for it... Joyne.' Quist replies unsmiling: 'The Land of the Kama Sutra.'

Synopsis by Michael Seely

Review

Had Sex and Violence been Episode 5, then this Episode 6 follows on from the side effects of repressed sexual attitudes and how shame can control society. It is a development of Anne's work, just as next week sees she investigate techniques in repressing violence. Here, the episode written by Roger Parkes is about two themes: the first is the fear of emancipating women through a new contraceptive aphrodisiac. Had this episode been some years earlier, it would simply have been about the oral pill, a revolution in birth control technique. It was seen as encouraging women to behave in a manner men would wish them to behave!

This fear of permissiveness, of sex without purpose or control! The idea that women will just sleep around with whomsoever they please is a male idea that seriously terrifies some men – the lack of masculine control and power, their place in the world, especially from the shut up and cook generation. It's quite amusing in retrospect. What Joyne would do is make it easier for the woman to try it on with the mate OF HER CHOICE. Perhaps the man she wants for always. Until the divorce twenty years later. Men are described in the script as being in a permanent state of rut, like stags. Women are not supposed to be!

Part of the fear of the older generations stemmed from the good old days before the welfare state, sex before marriage meant bastard children: and who pays for them? The parish would, if the girl didn't have a family who could afford and were willing to embrace such a child. Some were. You see it in parish registers especially in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. If they couldn't afford it, the parish had to step in. Normally, they would hunt down the father to be and force him to marry the woman or accept responsibility and cough up money. Men could even go to prison for producing bastard children! This attitude towards what we would now call single parent mothers stems from this. A single parent mother is equated with poverty and from the working or under class. Spike Milligan shared concerns over over-population and put the blame on sex and the Catholic churches refusal to sanction contraception (there are many a Catholic who will use them, regardless of encyclical laws!) His manager, Norma Farmes remembers driving past a council block tower, and Spike pointed towards it and call it a breeding pen for unwanted children! Which takes us back to our distaste for the third world breeding like rabbits!

Over-population, the second them, was a huge issue in the late sixties and seventies. Paul Ehrlich is referenced in the episode's news report, was in the 1971 doumentary that the Daily Mail reviewed which helped trigger Ridge's breakdown. He was worried, as were many population control advocates, of sustainability. Quist too, sees over population as the root cause for pollution, crime and so on. You could also throw in starvation. Predictions of famine were common.

Contraception was seen as the answer, but it did not address the economic question - needs of society – or societies. Take the United Kingdom over a hundred years ago, families could have up to thirteen or more children, but with infant mortality low, and even reaching your teenage years quite an achievement, this is hardly surprising. Some mothers simply died from exhaustion, if child birth didn't get them. But children were not a social status symbol – they were an economic factor! You will get the children working as early as possible. Home based industries were common and the kids worked. And in the day when Work houses or houses of Industry became the final homes for many a pauper in his dotage, children would provide for you should you reach old age. So, you needed a lot of children – not all were going to survive you.

With a decline in infant mortality, thanks to antibiotics, improved living standards and schooling for children taking them out of the work place, there isn't that much need for huge families. So, large families equalled too much sex, not enough family planning. The oral pill was developed in the 1960s, a step towards allowing the woman control. So what excuse does the rest of the world have, we in the west think?

It all seemed to boil down to sex, as usual, and the attitudes of the Catholic church, one of the dominant religions in the poor countries everyone was worried about. Monty Python did a sketch where a character said that 'by the year.1991, we'll be three deep in Chinese.' not a very Catholic country, that one, and one where they restricted the number of children per family. Imposing western ideas and values on the developing third world countries, such as India, where the benefits of Joyne will be used, is an issue will be tackled head on in Deadly Dangerous Tomorrow.

For once in a subject of this matter, the Catholics don't come in for a right old bashing. Fulton is a Catholic but it seems a lapsed one. He still has a religious faith and his children are educated in a Catholic school, but he and his wife are prepared for their children to adopt different points of view, that they will make up their own minds. He regards original sin as a myth. His wife too is a progressive believer. The guilt and abhorrence over the aphrodisiac and the permissiveness consumes Fulton but he sees the greater goal of liberating mankind from sexual sin in order to control population growth. He does not want a tyrannical solution to the problem. Ehrlich suggested what could be an extreme solution in his book The Population Bomb – temporary sterilants to water supplies, and food.

His wife has to act like a positive Lady Macbeth in order to keep him going at this crucial stage. He is aware of the Catholic feeling from his daughter's teacher Sister Mary John who says that Joyne will take away love from the world. A bit rich from someone who chose to be a celibate. At the end of the story Fulton wonders whether original sin was not sex but knowledge... He hopes that Joyne would prevent unwanted births and reduce population in the more humane manner than dropping a nuclear bomb!

Anne Tarrant, a wife, a church goer in the previous episode, now someone wanting the Judeao-Christian religion to lose its grip on sexual shame. She sees how sex, the fear of sex and inadequacy leads to stunted people. This is all explored in Sex And Violence. She wants to see sex back as fun, and not to be feared. She would be a progressive Anglican then! Colin Bradley voices the bewildered generation, those who don't like or trust the recent invention of the teenager, and does not want them to have access to an aphrodisiac contraceptive! His is not the fear of unwanted babies, but of immoral behaviour. For him, sex equals disease. The only transmittable sexual illness mentioned in the episode is gonorrhoea.

Once again, the Minister is the most interesting character in the piece: we discover that his sex life with his French wife (the third wife in this episode) is on the quiet side. Jeanette is quite taken with the idea of Joyne – no Catholic guilt there. She does appear to love her husband for his ambition and wants to see him as Prime Minister. He needs to have a clean record. So one can conjecture he is not one of your 'bonking secretaries over the dispatch box' type Ministers. One does wonder about the wife though... It is not ten years since the Profumo affair brought out into the open the rather interesting sex lives of the establishment. Nowadays, the private life of those in power is open to scrutiny if one is not careful. The fun the modern media would have had with the former prime minister Harold Macmillan and his wife's long term affair with Lord Boothby who in turn was – oh look it up on Wikipedia. Lady Holroyd suspects her husband's queasiness over sex would lead to a restriction on the use of Joyne, but it seems George is more worried about the political consequences of selling such a product to a very puritanical set, the sort we saw - or the public would have seen – in Sex And Violence, who did not like pornography or the suggestion of moral uncertainties aired in public forums. The Oz prosecutions for obscenity are mentioned by the Minister at the top of his first scene. In his ministerial broadcast, he is almost relieved to be able to prevent Joyne from being sold in the country and say that the problem of over-population is not one for Britain. Whether, in his broadcast, he really believes what he says, and prefers the status quo, we don't know. He is, after all, a politician. As Quist points out. India is to get Joyne, the land of the karma sutra. Where sex is apparently an art form. Doomwatch has given him a way out as he explained to the interviewer Roger Halls earlier in the episode, he would use their report as a basis of their decision.

Quist was prepared to over look Fulton's false assertion that the aphrodisiac was essential for this contraceptive to work. Anne was wary of the danger to Doomwatch's reputation for impartiality. Quist agrees with Fulton's motives, and the Manhattan Project rears its head again. Hence the Bomb in the title. Fulton wants to reduce the world population without the nuclear bomb. Quist is worried about manipulating human behaviour. He saw in Sex And Violence just how manipulating human behaviour could work for would be tyrants. And like in that original Episode 5, Without The Bomb ends with a quiet Bradley and Quist scene.

Review by Michael Seely

Origins of Without the Bomb

Terence Dudley wanted one of the thirteen planned episodes of the third series to tackle the topical issue of the population explosion within the first and third worlds, its burden on resources and how to control it in the face of sexual attitudes of the west. Two writers selected to tackle the issue of the western attitude towards sex were Harry Green and Roger Parkes. Green (who had written Friday's Child for the first series as well as the original Hear No Evil) was working on a population story with some literature and a recording of an interview with Dr. Alex Comfort for research purposes. Comfort was not that far away from his famous 'The Joy of Sex' book launch, and had six months earlier that year published an article in The New Scientist on pheromones and their relation to human behaviour... Green was trying to come up with a storyline exploring the theme in a way different from Parkes. On the 10th of August 1971, Parkes met with Dudley and had lunch where they discussed the issue of over-population and how it seemed to Dudley to have little impact to a small island like Britain but the concern laid with third world countries. The next day Parkes wrote a letter to Dudley putting forward his side of the argument, surprised with Dudley's assertion and wrote down some counter arguments. Dudley's very short reply on the thirteenth and wrote, 'What you're saying is that this small island (that gave birth to the Industrial Revolution), must set an example. Fair enough! And that's what we're working on. If this one founders (by which I mean the writer) then over to you. In the meantime, don't count on it and if you've got another idea...'

Without The Bomb (commission no. 9) had been commissioned on the 13th of September with a delivery date for 30th of October 1971.

The First Scene Breakdown: Quist Gets The Snip! 

The first rough outline submitted by Parkes on the 22nd of September 1971 was called 'Instead of the Bomb.' The episode was to be written to have no specially recorded film effort needed. The covering note says: 'This story anticipates the development of an olfactory contraceptive derived from organic pheromones.' Parkes notes that on its own such a contraceptive would contain a built in revulsion factor which would be modified with a hormone stimulant, a sex excitant and how it would be unacceptable unless society revised its attitude towards sex with its associations with sin, guilt and shame. 'Since the theme is sex, it seems appropriate that the story of public and political reaction to the pheromone contraceptive should be combined with the crystallisation of the Quist-Tarrant love affair.'

The pre-title credits feature a boy and a girl having reached a 'coffee in my flat stage' and he is nervous and shy. She takes out a lipstick and applies it to his lips, and soon his inhibitions fall away... After the titles, a documentary film is shown to the Minister about the population explosion with 'horrific footage of the masses of Calcutta is contrasted with visual excesses of Californian high life...' Quist explains about how each American child is 50 times more of a burden on the environment than each Indian child. 

To set an example, Quist is going to have a vasectomy!

Later, Anne objects to this as ludicrous egotism but the real objection is that she may wish to marry and have a child by him. A TV commercial advertises 'F-U-N' for young people and married couples... This is being shown to various executives of the drug and cosmetic company manufacturing it. Its research scientist Jack Fulton is appalled by the permissive tone of the advert as it focuses entirely on the wrong aspects and clashes with McNab,the advertising manager. . He takes his complaint to Quist, and wants him on board as an independent advisor. He does not want FUN promoted as an aphrodisiac. 

The news of FUN leaks to the press and the Minister is anticipating bad press reaction and sets up an enquiry which will include Quist. With the press determined to sensationalise FUN as a contraceptive aphrodisiac, the company hold a press conference. The Minister gets legal advise in finding ways of objecting to FUN. Quist approves of FUN but Anne objects to it most strongly. The committee, of which Anne is also invited on, examines the behavioural response FUN has on students. The chairman speculates on the social response to FUN and that abuse of the product by bachelors will become rare. A TV debate features the wife of a Bishop, Houghton, who predicts mass orgies, rape and rampant VD, contrasting with the remarks of the scientists in the previous scene. . She also predicts cancer, deformed babies and psychotic disorders.

The committee's research disputes this reaction although Anne Tarrant questions Fulton's methodology in his own research. Her dispute with Quist is intense enough to question the whole basis of their love. 'Both are letting emotion tinge their normal scientific detachment for once.' The Minister's own sexual hang ups are clouding his own objectivity. Another TV panel consisting of representatives from Women's Lib, an educationalist, a police commissioner and McNabb also displays 'emotionalism' with views from both sides of the argument.

This leads into the Minister remarking on how the youth favour FUN and no matter what the committee decides, it won't influence on the final decision especially if the US State Department take a vote. Later, he is given a file containing smear material to be used on Fulton, just in case... The Establishment will oppose FUN.
Back at the Committee, the Bishop is more supportive of FUN than his wife is! In bed the next morning, the Bishop substitutes her normal lipstick with FUN and the inevitable occurs!

Quist is re-watching the population film and feels that FUN is an ideal form of voluntary contraception which is 'likely to be banned or driven onto the prescription only black market simply because society is still conditioned to the ancient Judaeo-Christian ethic that non-procreative sex is sinful!' Duncan is also in favour of FUN and is prepared to betray an intimate confidence in order to force the Minister's hand. Parkes speculates on whether the confidence might be a kinky side to the Minister? In any case, the committee comes out in favour of FUN. Ann is still not convinced despite an impassioned appeal by Quist.

On TV, the Minister explains why FUN is not going to be sanctioned after all until after a more comprehensive research programme... .

Watching this is a contrite Ann, bitter at the political decision and coming over to Quist's view. They may make up with a sniff of the 'now illicit FUN' whilst Fulton on TV explains that the Indian government is interested in FUN 'and if this doesn't reverse the tide of immigration, I don't know what will...'

Carry on Doomwatch

Sending it to the script consultant Anna Kaliski, Parkes emphasises that the outline was a starting point for discussion, that he has done no real work on the characters nor was he terribly happy with the ending. He was confident that the two opposing attitudes of Quist and Ann could be achieved without 'either of them seeming permissive or priggish.' Scribbling in the margins of the breakdown, Terence Dudley objected to the opening scene; points out that Quist has no children and is at least fifty years old; rejects the vasectomy idea, 'A Bishop?' queries Dudley to the morning bedroom scene! He also puts a cross against the idea that the Minister has a kinky secret.

The Horny Minister's Wife

Working fast, a revised scene breakdown is submitted by Parkes on the 27th of September. In the meantime, he has sought advice from Dr Christie 'who was very chuffed with the whole project.' The changes to the storyline now introduced the Minister's wife and a look at his own lack of sexual activity and a sub plot featuring an ambitious chief assistant to Fulton called Bland which Parkes felt was too much for the already over-crowded plot. Bland and Fulton would clash. The new breakdown began with an advert for FUN. Ann Tarrant is now pro-FUN and Quist is not getting the snip. Bradley represents old fashioned values whilst Barbara is keen to get hold of the stuff! Scene 8 was to be a montage of some visuals of FUN 'turning 'em on.' This included lab tests, even Stafford sniffing the lipstick. Scene 12 sees the Chairman fetching Fulton for the press conference forced on them by Bland leaking details to the press. Fulton's forceful wife is introduced much later in the script. Here, she is decidedly against FUN, fearing their daughter catching VD parasites... The dilemma of Fulton is expressed as 'Survival expediency versus a healthy social environment.' Parkes sees this as the pivotal scene and thinks Fulton's thirteen year old daughter comes home, 'tickled pink by the news of her daddy's super FUN invention...' His deep aversion to the excitant element versus concerns over the population crisis. The Minister's wife, Lady Holroyd telephones the Chairman with a favour to ask – which Dudley puts a firm 'No' beside. This is followed by the Minister on the phone to an Establishment figure and we become aware that he can block FUN. This is before Stafford comes in with a file on Fulton. Fulton himself appears on a panel programme where he is attacked for encouraging permissiveness. The Minister is also alarmed when his wife tries FUN who is turned on! This carries on into another scene – the aftermath. The Minister does not approve of her 'experiment' – and neither does the producer! Fulton's wife has been following the controversy and adds to the pressure, and the Indian High commission want to speak to him.

The Script

Parkes met with Dudley the following Monday to discuss the story further before meeting Dr. Comfort and then going away to write the script. He was given a copy of Martin Worth's High Mountain to read. Parkes sent in the script on the 6th of November from Malta where he was going to live for a few months. In his covering letter, Parkes felt his draft came in over six minutes and asked for Anna Kaliski to check up on a couple of minor facts. Dudley had also wanted a reference to the ATV watchdog (presumably about the advert for FUN – which he was unable to do, and a couple of 'digs' at Papists was ready to be removed if required. Parkes also wrote for just the one TV interviewer, and wondered if the budget could stretch to two? Terence Dudley's new secretary, Alison Fife wrote back to say that the script had arrived safely and that the producer will be writing a full response soon.

Dudley's Response

Terence Dudley's notes were sent on the 19th of November. He regarded the script as 'super' and was waiting for responses from Dr.'s Comfort and Christie. His comments were enclosed with that of Anna Kaliski with whom he had only one disagreement, that of spending programme money in 'mounting suggestions – population montages.' He did not want references to the writer Malcolm Muggeridge (who was a recent conversion to Catholicism and had made a personal documentary examining the permissive society) or the controversial right wing MP Enoch Powell. 'The old firm is too closely associated with the Whitehouse lobby (a self appointed TV watchdog who wanted no cameras inside a bedroom) and we don't want to acknowledge that this even exists.' A later point saw the replacing of the expression 'Powellite' with 'authoritarian.' At this point, Quist and Tarrant were not married but were living together, and Dudley wanted their relationship affectionate but not avert, realising that once aired, there will be questions about their relationship asked. In the event, Dudley decides they were married anyway and slipped in a reference in the last recorded episode Waiting For A Knighthood. He also did not want the girl in the marriage guidance clinic to get turned on too quickly by a sniff of FUN. His advisers pointed out that the reaction would be too quick anyway. Another suggestion was seeing some of the TV interviews in Fulton's room to set the scene in context.

Dudley's biggest concern was dealing with the sexual attitudes of the Minister and his wife. He objected to the Minister's line: 'And risk having you strip off between the entree and the roast' on page 8 as being not characteristic of the Minister and should be written more oblique. In the event, the line becomes 'And risk having you lose your Gallic detachment.' Scene 17 received the largest criticism. Dudley wanted the scene to be less explicit as it deals with the Minister's sex life. Dudley wants to make him frigid rather than kinky. 'The point of the scene is to say that the Minister is prejudged and a puritan and therefore the 'panacea' is in danger of suppression.' The wife should hint with phrases like 'lack of interest... your drive is canalised in your career.' Dudley suggests Parkes forgets the original idea of the wife getting turned on, and has accepted her role as wife to as Cabinet Minister – a marriage in the French tradition – without violent regret. She hopes the Minister won't 'thumbs down “bond” for the wrong reason.' This last bit suggests that BOND is the new name for FUN.

The Director's Cut

On the 23rd of November, Parkes writes back, pleased at the response to the script and wants to carry out the revisions himself in Malta. He thinks the script 'might make our point fairly strong for us.' A new Minister/Wife scene was sent on the 27th. Parkes was more worried about Fulton's inconsistency in attitude which Dudley felt was best left in the hands of an actor and director to sort out. Dudley was also planning to bring the story forwards in the transmission schedule as number four, recording on April 21st with rehearsals starting ten days earlier. .

By the beginning of 1972, Darrol Blake was on board as director of this and three other scripts and there was some concern that Roger Parkes may not be in the country early enough to perform any changes the director may need. In the event Parkes would meet up with Blake at the beginning of March. A revised script was sent to Parkes on the 24th of March with some minor changes made by the producer These changes included the new name for the aphrodisiac contraceptive which Darrol Blake decided upon – JOYNE.

Origins article by Daniel Farkworth (Doomwatch.org News Team)

Expenditure No: 02241/0553, although the Camera script is marked 2240/4587

Crew
1

STUDIO
T.C.1

Thursday 20th April 1972
Camera rehearsal: 14.00 - 19.00
Dinner: 19.00 - 20.00
Camera rehearsal: 20.00 - 22.00

Friday 21st April 1972
Camera rehearsal:11.00 - 13.00
LUNCH: 13.00 - 14.00
Camera rehearsal: 14.00 - 18.00
DINNER: 18.00 - 19.00
Sound & Vision Line-up: 19.00 - 19.30
Telerecording: 19.30 - 22.00 onto VTC/6HT/78446

Editing
Monday 24th April 09.00 - 18.00

Sets:

Doomwatch (Office and Laboratory)
Minister's Office
Minister's Sitting-Room
Anne's Flat
Board-room
Fulton's Living Room
TV Studio
Marital Aid Clinic

Telecine:
For Montage Sequence only; Interior Bedroom


Sets
Doomwatch Lab & Outer Office
Quist's Office
Minister's Office & Sitting Room
Anne's Sitting Room
Board Room
Clinic
Fulton's Sitting Room & Bedroom
TV Studio

Technical Requirements
4 peds
1 creeper
6 monitors
4 booms
Mics, Stand Mics, Fishing Rods
Telejector
16mm TK
VTR clock
BP slide projector

Cast

Dr. Spencer Quist
JOHN PAUL

The Minister - Sir George Holroyd
JOHN BARRON

Dr. Anne Tarrant
ELIZABETH WEAVER

Commander Neil Stafford
JOHN BOWN

Colin Bradley
JOBY BLANSHARD

Barbara Mason
VIVIEN SHERRARD

Dr. James Fulton
BRIAN PECK

Mrs. Joan Fulton
ANTONIA PEMBERTON

Lady Holroyd
KATHERINE KATH

Clive Hughes (Chairman)
KENNETH BENDA


Harry Brooke - Advertising Manager
CHARLES HODGSON

Roger Halls
JOHN GREGG

Amanda Fulton
SALLY ANNE MARLOWE


Reporter
KENNETH GARDNIER

Female Reporter
MARCELLE SAMETT


T.V. Interviewer/Reporter
MICHAEL MONTGOMERY

Man in the Young Couple
TREVOR T. SMITH

Mrs Harley (Young Couple)
PENNY DIXON


Mrs. Halls
????

Astel Raymond
????

Non Speaking / Extras:

Board Members
JOHN MOORE
MICHAEL CRANE
NED HOOD
JIM TYSON
Pressmen and Photographers
BUD CASTLEMAIN
DAVID MELBOURNE
FRANK LESTER
FREDDIE CLEMSON
JASON JAMES
BRIAN CRAVEN
RICHARD SHEEKEY
CY WALLACE
FRAN POMEROY

Lab Assistants
DAVID IANSON
DAVID PELTON
ANNE LEE

Chairman's Wife
JOYCE FREEMAN

Mins Sec.
IONA McRAE

Reporter
BILLY SNUFFER

Rev. Blatchford and three others
Members of the TV Discussion Panel

Crew

P.A
JACKIE WILLOWS


A.F.M
ANNA YARROW


Assistant
PHILIPPA CLAUSON


Costume Supervisor
SHEILA BEERS


Make-up Supervisor
ELIZABETH ROWELL


T.M.1
RALPH WALTON


T.M.2
BOB WARMAN


Sound Supervisor
JOHN LLOYD


Grams Operator
GERRY BORROWS


Vision Mixer
JOHN BARCLAY


Floor Assistant
MICHAEL THRONE

Script Consultant
ANNA KALISKI


Designer
JEREMY DAVIES

Assistant to Producer
GLYN EDWARDS

Producer
TERENCE DUDLEY

Directed by
DARROL BLAKE

TX: 3rd July 1972
9.20pm - 10.10pm 

With thanks to John Archbold for the Radio Times listing and cover.

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